AKBAR THE GREAT°


AKBAR THE GREAT°
AKBAR THE GREAT° (Akbar Abū al-Fatḥ Jalāl al-Dīn Muhammad; 1542–1605), Moghul emperor in India. Akbar's subjects were permitted a remarkable degree of religious tolerance and freedom. The emperor tried to build a bridge of understanding between Hindus and Muslims and to create a new eclectic religion of pure theism ("tauḥīd Ilāhū" or "Dīn Ilāhī"). He collected translations of the holy books of all faiths, and held regular religious disputations in his palace at Fatehpur Sikri, near Agra. The participants also included Jews, probably from Persia, Afghanistan, or Khurasan, as well as Hindus, Jains, Zoroastrians, and Jesuits. The presence of Jews is reliably reported by Moghul court historians, by the Jesuit traveler A. Monserrate, and by the author of the Dabistan. A synagogue (kenisa) also existed in the Moghul realm according to the English traveler, Sir Thomas Roe (1616). Akbar's interest   in the translation of holy books brought the famous Florentine traveler and scholar Giambattista Vecchietti to Agra. Vecchietti had collected many ancient judeo-persian biblical translations during his journeys in Persia, and while a guest of Akbar, he transliterated the Judeo-Persian manuscript of the Psalms into Persian script. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Fischel, in: PAAJR, 17 (1949), 137–77; idem, in: HTR, 45 (1952), 3–45. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: I. Alam Khan, "The Nobility under Akbar and the Development of his Religious Policy, 1560–1580," in: Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1968), 29–36: J.F. Richards, "The Formation of Imperial Authority under Akbar and Jahangir," in: M. Alam and S. Subrahnayan (eds.), The Mughal State 1526–1750 (1988), 126–167. (Walter Joseph Fischel / David Shulman (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Akbar the Great — Akbar redirects here. For other uses, see Akbar (disambiguation) Infobox Monarch name =Akbar title =Mughal Emperor caption = reign = coronation = othertitles =His Majesty Al Sultan al Azam wal Khaqan al Mukarram, Imam i Adil, Sultan ul Islam… …   Wikipedia

  • Tomb of Akbar the Great — The Tomb of Akbar the Great is the an important architectural masterpiece set in 48 Ha (119 acres) of grounds in Sikandra a suburb of Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. The third Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great (1542 – 1605), himself commenced its… …   Wikipedia

  • The Great American Bash — This article is about the former NWA and WCW professional wrestling event. For the WWE event, see WWE The Great American Bash. The Great American Bash was an annual summer professional wrestling pay per view event produced by the National… …   Wikipedia

  • The Great American Bash — WWE The Bash Logo The Great American Bash WWE The Bash (The Great American Bash jusqu en 2008) est un pay per view annuel de la World Wrestling Entertainment et se déroule chaque années au mois de juin. Cet évènement était à l origine tenu par la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of people known as The Great — This is a list of people whose names in English are commonly appended with the phrase the Great , or who were called that or an equivalent phrase in their own language. Other languages have their own suffixes such as e Bozorg and e azam in… …   Wikipedia

  • WWE The Great American Bash — WWE The Bash Logo The Great American Bash WWE The Bash (The Great American Bash jusqu en 2008) est un pay per view annuel de la World Wrestling Entertainment et se déroule chaque années au mois de juin. Cet évènement était à l origine tenu par la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • WWE The Great American Bash 2004 — WWE The Bash Logo The Great American Bash WWE The Bash (The Great American Bash jusqu en 2008) est un pay per view annuel de la World Wrestling Entertainment et se déroule chaque années au mois de juin. Cet évènement était à l origine tenu par la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • WWE The Great American Bash 2005 — WWE The Bash Logo The Great American Bash WWE The Bash (The Great American Bash jusqu en 2008) est un pay per view annuel de la World Wrestling Entertainment et se déroule chaque années au mois de juin. Cet évènement était à l origine tenu par la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • WWE The Great American Bash 2006 — WWE The Bash Logo The Great American Bash WWE The Bash (The Great American Bash jusqu en 2008) est un pay per view annuel de la World Wrestling Entertainment et se déroule chaque années au mois de juin. Cet évènement était à l origine tenu par la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • WWE The Great American Bash 2007 — WWE The Bash Logo The Great American Bash WWE The Bash (The Great American Bash jusqu en 2008) est un pay per view annuel de la World Wrestling Entertainment et se déroule chaque années au mois de juin. Cet évènement était à l origine tenu par la …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.